Alcohol And Its Effects On Our Body

Our bodies differ from others. Substances and nutrients we take in affect our bodies in many different ways. Substances such as alcohol, nicotine, and other medications give our bodies different experiences and changes in our senses. Some of us may already have increased tolerance to these substances while some of us has decreased tolerance.

Many people have acquired problems relating to the inability to control the intake of these substances; these people either seek the help of facilities or undergo therapies that will slowly help them regain control over these substances.

Alcohol has different ways of producing them. They differ significantly from each other. Some are having the same fermentation process as the others, while some have a more distinct form of fermenting. Some types of alcohol have a higher content than the other, and their source may also differ significantly. Before we tackle the effects of alcohol on our body, let’s know how much alcohol content there is in our drinks.

Beer– typically contains around 5-10 percent alcohol.

Malt Liquor– ranges from 7-15 percent alcohol content.

Wine (Both Red and White) twelve to twenty percent alcohol.

Spirits (Vodka, Gin, Tequila, Whiskey, Etc.)– forty percent alcohol.

What is BAC or Blood Alcohol Content?

It is the determination of how much alcohol was able to enter our circulation. By knowing this, we can also determine the effects that it may cause to our body, specifically our CNS or Central Nervous System. Many people can build up their tolerance to higher BAC than those who rarely take in alcohol in their system.

What are the effects of alcohol on our body depending on BAC?

0.033-0.12 Percent

Mood improvement, decreased anxiety, higher self-confidence, flushing or redness of the face, reduce coordination of fine motor skills, shorter attention span, and impairment of judgement. These effects can be short term, and the person may be able to recover quickly.

0.09-0.25 Percent

A decrease in consciousness, memory loss, lack of comprehension, delayed motor reaction, impairment in sensation, blurring of vision, balance problems, and unsteady gait.

0.25-0.40 Percent

Loss of consciousness, Temporary amnesia (during the events while intoxicated), urine incontinence, decreased heart and respiratory rate, Increase in nausea and further vomiting, and staggering gait.

0.35-0.80 Percent

Comatose, life-threatening and severe respiratory and cardiac depression, lack of pupillary response to stimuli and light, and death.

What are the other effects of alcohol on our organs?

Liver

Alcohol creates an overwhelming effect on our nutrient metabolism. This may lead to a fatty liver and may further cause obesity and higher body fat percentage due to the ineffective digestion. It may also cause hepatitis, fibrosis, and cirrhosis.

Pancreas

Alcohol causes the swelling of the vessels that supply blood to our organs. This increases the chances of having pancreatic cancer. It may also lead to abnormally high or low secretion of insulin and may cause diabetes.